Posted by Ali Reda | Posted in | Posted on 1/03/2014
DeceptionAll warfare is based on deception. Hence, when able to attack, we must seem unable; when using our forces, we must seem inactive; when we are near, we must make the enemy believe we are far away; when far away, we must make him believe we are near. Hold out baits to entice the enemy. Feign disorder, and crush him. Hiding order beneath the cloak of disorder is simply a question of subdivision; concealing courage under a show of timidity presupposes a fund of latent energy;masking strength with weakness is to be effected by tactical dispositions. Thus one who is skillful at keeping the enemy on the move maintains deceitful appearances, according to which the enemy will act. By altering his arrangements and changing his plans,he keeps the enemy without definite knowledge. By shifting his camp and taking circuitous routes, he prevents the enemy from anticipating his purpose.
Play your opponentIf your opponent is of choleric temper, seek to irritate him. Pretend to be weak, that he may grow arrogant. Rouse him, and learn the principle of his activity or inactivity. Force him to reveal himself, so as to find out his vulnerable spots. A clever general, therefore, avoids an army when its spirit is keen, but attacks it when it is sluggish and inclined to return. This is the art of studying moods. When you surround an army, leave an outlet free. Do not press a desperate foe too hard.
How victory may be produced for them out of the enemy's own tactics—that is what the multitude cannot comprehend. He who can modify his tactics in relation to his opponent and thereby succeed in winning, may be called a heaven- born captain. Therefore the good fighter will be terrible in his onset, and prompt in his decision.