Degrees of Belief

Posted by Ali Reda | Posted in | Posted on 11/13/2014

Atheist. The term atheist can be defined literally as lacking a humanoid god concept, but historically it means one of two things.  Positive atheism asserts that a personal supreme being does not exist.  Negative atheism simply asserts a lack of belief in such a deity.

Anti-theist says, “I think religion is harmful.”  It also implies some form of activism that goes beyond merely advocating church-state separation or science education. Anti-theists often work to expose harms caused in the name of God .

Strong agnosticism views God’s existence as unknowable, permanently and to all people.  Weak agnosticism can mean simply “I don’t know if there is a God,” or “We collectively don’t know if there is a God but we might find out in the future.”

Free-thought is an intellectual stance that says that opinions should be based on logic and evidence rather than authorities and traditions.

Skeptic has put critical thinking at the heart of the matter. Well-known skeptics devote a majority of their effort to debunking pseudoscience, alternative medicine, astrology and so forth. They broadly challenge the human tendency to believe things on insufficient evidence.

Humanism  seeks to promote broad well being by advancing compassion, equality, self-determination, and other values that allow individuals to flourish and to live in community with each other. These values drive not from revelation, but from human experience.

Pantheists see human beings as one small part of a vast natural order, with the Cosmos itself made conscious in us. Pantheists reject the idea of a person- god, but believe that the holy is made manifest in all that exists. Consequently, they often have a strong commitment to protecting the sacred web of life in which and from which we have our existence.

Deists who didn’t believe in miracles or special revelation through sacred texts but thought that the natural world itself revealed a designer who could be discovered through reason and inquiry. But does not believe in His superintendence and government.

Naturalists assume a philosophical position that the laws operating within the natural realm are the only laws governing the universe and no supernatural realm lies beyond.

Secularists argue that moral standards and laws should be based on whether they do good or harm in this world and that religion should be kept out of government.

A theist who didn't believe in miracles or special revelation through sacred texts but believes there is a God who made and governs all creation.

Omnism is the belief in all religions.

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